Country-specific risks, diseases and disturbances on holiday

When you leave for the holidays, it is good practice to find out about the health risks you might face. Top Doctors® is the online platform that meets this need. Select and make available to users a panel made up of the best medical specialists, centers and private clinics of international level. It includes the brightest doctors in every specialization and in every treatment. Whether you are in Europe, Latin America or the United States, offer the best specialist to turn to. Here’s how Top Doctors analyzed diseases and disorders that could affect travelers in some of the major foreign destinations.

The risks of travel in North Africa and Greece

The Italians have increased towards the seaside resorts of North Africa. Those who will go to Egypt to snorkel in the Red Sea, however, should first evaluate with their doctor the possibility of getting vaccinated against hepatitis A and B, tetanus and typhoid fever. The risk of intestinal infections is also high in the country. For this reason it is advisable to: 
Carefully wash the food. 
Pay attention to the hygienic conditions of the places where you eat. 
Drink only water and soft drinks in the bottle. 
Avoid consuming drinks with ice cubes.

Amebiasis is also fearsome in this part of Africa. The infection can cause dysentery and hemorrhagic colitis for lesions of the mucosa of the large intestine, induced by the Antameba Histolitica. Those who choose to relax on the beaches of Tunisia must know that there have been cases of Coronavirus infection.

The Greece confirms a destination evergreen. Cases of West Nile Virus have been reported. In addition to cases of native malaria. Both infections are transmitted by mosquitoes. It is therefore good to be careful especially at dawn and dusk, taking appropriate precautions. The clothing must cover the arms and legs. And the rooms should be equipped with mosquito nets or air conditioning. It is prudent to take the anti-mosquito plates away to remove the annoying insects from the bedrooms.

The risks of travel to the East

In Japan there are no particular risks. But eye to any food poisoning. Who eats Fugu , a typical dish of Japanese fish based on puffer fish, must know that it has within its own organs a lethal dose of tetrodotoxin. This fish can be eaten only after appropriate preparation. So as to make the otherwise deadly poison harmless.

In Indonesia  and Thailand endemic is the dengue fever, also present in the areas most affected by tourism such as Phuket, Krabi and even Bangkok. There is also the risk of contracting other tropical diseases. Among these malaria, Japanese encephalitis, chikungunya fever and Zika virus. In addition, Indonesia is among the countries most affected by bird flu (H5N1 virus): given the severity of the risk of contagion. Better to avoid the traditional bird markets. Furthermore, it is these countries where there is a high prevalence of subjects carrying HIV and HBV (Hepatitis B).

Italians living abroad, “returning” tourists

The Italians living abroad are the first ambassadors of the Italian brand to potential new tourists input. This is what Gianni Bastinalli, executive director of ENIT, the National Tourism Agency, has declared . A turnover of 650 million euros and 670 thousand arrivals a year is estimated. The data concern the so-called return tourists or of the origins. Or those people who come from the American continent. The theoretical potential basin generated by Italians residing abroad or by their descendants is about 80 million people. What has been considered a niche in the tourism sector in Italy is now destined to grow exponentially in the short term.

Because Italians living abroad feed a growing tourist sector

In Italian-descendants , in fact, lives the tradition of a tourist attraction. Together with those cultural dimensions that connote the Italian way of life. It is in this sense that tourism generated by Italians abroad also responds to the medium-term strategies of the Italian tourism industry. They are the source of a flow of visitors spread throughout the territory. But far from mass tourism. It is also homogeneously distributed throughout the year. Added to this is the fact that return tourism often translates into a source of possible investments in the countries of origin. Another particularly important fact is also how it is a way to repopulate villages with now residual numbers of inhabitants.

This is why it is necessary, as Bastianelli suggests, to continue the work of integrated promotion together with the Regions. Work able to embrace the different segments of Made in Italy such as cuisine , design, cinema , language, music, art and sport . Italians abroad have the task of transmitting a unique and distinctive cultural message that characterizes the profile of our country.

The countries where more Italians come from abroad

The main markets of this type of tourism are Brazil , where 25 million people of Italian origin live. Argentina follows with 20 million. And the United States with 17 million. Many also reside in France, Switzerland, Germany and Australia. In the two-year period 2007/2008 there has been a further flow of migration from Italy to Germany, the UK and Belgium due to the crisis.

Eliminate the causes of bad breath (halitosis)

Bad breath, or halitosis, is mainly caused by the accumulation of bacteria, responsible for the bad smell in the oral cavity. Bad breath can be embarrassing, but fortunately, once you’ve identified its causes, you can start treatment.

What are the causes of bad breath (halitosis)?

The accumulation of bacteria, due to bad breath, often results from a total lack of regular daily oral hygiene. The result is the formation of bacterial plaque around the gum line and at the back of the tongue. Other causes of bad breath are food choices, nocturnal bacterial growth (during sleep), stress and dehydration. 

In some cases, bad breath may be the signal of a more serious medical problem. For this reason, if the problem persists, it is important not to ignore it and to be visited by a dentist. Regular daily oral hygiene helps to counteract bad breath.

How to solve problems of bad breath

Once you have identified the cause of your bad breath, you can start acting appropriately to get a fresh breath.

1. Use a mouthwash, which is used to eliminate germs responsible for bad breath and some food combinations that cause bad odor.

2. Maintain a good hydration by drinking enough water during the day, limiting the consumption of drinks with alcohol or caffeine, acidic juices or sugary.

3. To reduce bad breath in the morning, brush your teeth twice a day, use dental floss regularly and start the day with a mouthwash that eliminates germs responsible for bad breath.

4. Daily use of dental floss to prevent accumulation of food debris and consequent plaque formation.

5. Make daily use of dental floss to clean the narrow spaces below the gum line, where the toothbrush sometimes does not reach.

We recommend the use of AZ Complete Toothpaste + Delicate Freshness Mouthwash for a healthier mouth and a fresher fresh breath.

Irish Coffee, a treat for gourmands

The origin of the recipe for this drink is from research among the desolate lands of Ireland, and more precisely in the bar of Shannon airport. It was 1942 when passengers arrived at the airport, in the middle of the night, tired and angry for the cancellation of their flight due to bad weather. Joe Sheridan, head of the Shannon barman’s bartender, thought to then serve them something sturdy that could invigorate and heat dissatisfied passengers. He made some very strong coffee, added sugar and whiskey, completing it with a cream topping. When the passengers asked him if it was Brazilian coffee, Mr. Sheridan, amused, replied: “No, it’s Irish coffee!”

However, the famous drink also became popular overseas thanks to a journalist from the “San Francisco Chronicle” who landed in Shannon, discovered the drink and dedicated an article to it in the large-scale daily newspaper of which he was a correspondent. So it was that the bars of San Francisco began to prepare the Irish Coffee, and soon the recipe spread around the world. 
Ingredients: 5/10 coffee, 3/10 Irish whiskey, 2/10 fresh liquid cream and 1 teaspoon of brown sugar. Preparation: Pour into a transparent glass preheated with boiling water, a tablespoon of sugar, whiskey and boiling espresso. After melting the sugar, add the cream, making it slip from the back of a spoon, so that it remains on the surface. It is good to underline that the cream must be slightly assembled, here is how to obtain the ideal consistency: pour into a shaker the fresh cream and shake for about ten seconds. Tasting note: the drink should not be mixed, but filtered through the fresh cream.